The National Anthem of the Soviet Union is what is played in several videogames, TV shows, and movies featuring the Soviet Union. It was introduced during World War II on March 15, 1944, replacing the The Internationale as the official national anthem. The lyrics were written by Sergey Mikhalkov (1913–2009) in collaboration with Gabriel El-Registan (1899–1945) and the music was composed by Alexander Alexandrov (1883–1946). It was believed that Soviet soldiers would respond more to an anthem that was dedicated only to the Soviet Union rather than to a worldwide movement. The song was originally written as the Anthem of the Bolshevik Party with lyrics in the Alexandrine meter by Vasily Lebedev-Kumach in 1939.
Stalin was originally mentioned in the lyrics; however, after his death in 1953 and the process of Destalinization, the lyrics referring to Stalin were unacceptable. From that time until 1977, the anthem was played without lyrics. Revised lyrics without the references to Stalin and World War II were approved in 1977.
After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Russia adopted a new national anthem called Patriotic Song without any lyrics. In 2000, the Soviet national anthem (tune) was restored with Mikhalkov writing new lyrics.